Delivering the customary speech yesterday on the occasion of the graduation of the 2010-2012 class from the Ecole des Auxiliaires de la Douane, economist and logistician Mamadou Ndione argued that essential professions such as transit and transport are marked by changes in a new environment.
These developments, he says, need to be taken on board by established and aspiring professionals in these different sectors. He introduced the theme "The transit and transport professions in Senegal faced with the challenges of a new environment".
Among other changes, the economist noted firstly the dematerialization of customs procedures, then the liberalization of container transport, followed by regulation 14/2005 of the West African Economic and Monetary Union (Uemoa) on axle loads and gauges. And finally, geolocation.
Referring to the first element of analysis concerning the dematerialization of customs procedures, Mr. Ndione said that transit and transport professionals should be aware that, with this technical procedure, everything can be done electronically from a workstation, without the need for technical travel.
He adds that with dematerialization, consignees can download their cargo manifest via Orbus Logistique and transmit it to Gaindé 2010. Dematerialization," he points out, "will create opportunities for the professional who understands that mastering IT tools is a firm commitment to not being illiterate in modern times.
With regard to the liberalization of container transport since August 15, 2010, the economist reveals that today, there are over 1,000 licensed tare operators and almost a hundred container transport companies. However, he points out that in practice, application of the provisions of the ministerial decree (Ndlr: N°6365-MEMPTM-MC of June 10, 2009) poses "enormous" difficulties that many professionals find hard to grasp.
Hence the existence of disputes linked to container detention invoices. According to Mr. Ndione, the role of the professional forwarding agent in the context of transport liberalization should be to provide more advice to shippers, to help them rationalize their orders.
With regard to Uemoa regulation 14/2005, the economist suggested that, with this new regulatory framework aimed at safeguarding road infrastructures, professionals should be aware that gross weights of goods must no longer exceed a certain threshold, taking into account the type of tractor truck.
In other words, if these trucks take containerized goods, for example, the maximum gross weight of the products, known as the payload, must remain within the limits permitted by regulation 14/2005, otherwise they will be overloaded by comparison with the standard.
Mamadou Ndione warns that, with this new regulation, local professionals must keep their foreign loading correspondents informed so as not to fall foul of the law, which provides for highly restrictive penalties in terms of fines and the obligation to relieve overloads.
On the last change, relating to geolocation, defined as a process enabling an object or person to be tracked on a map using geographic coordinates. With this tool, explains Mr. Ndione, goods transport becomes "intelligent", with a precise mission planned to be controlled according to clear profitability criteria, such as fuel consumption by eliminating journeys.
In the opinion of this logistics expert, an experienced or aspiring professional needs to be part of this profound change in our business right from the start. They need to take into account the tool that is geolocation, make it their own, master its contours and, above all, seize all its opportunities.